ASCII - ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) Table with HTML Entity Names

The following table lists all known HTML entity names along with their ASCII / ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) character names and codes, if any. Most of these HTML entity names are those of the ISO 8879 entity sets.
Note that the first 128 character codes of any of the ISO 8859 character sets is always identical to the ASCII character set.

This table is a composite of data from a large number of sources and references. These sources include:

The HTML concepts of character references and entity references (entity names) are defined in the document "Special Characters" in HTML.

The following is a list of known problems with the set of HTML entities:

Until such time that all browsers used by readers of your pages display the trademark character, that character can be emulated by the following:

Company Trademark <SUP><SMALL>TM</SMALL></SUP> which renders to:

Company Trademark TM


Control characters whose entries are in bold face type are not used by HTML.

Characters whose entries are shown in green are only in the Microsoft® Windows Latin-1 character set additions to ASCII / ISO 8859-1 and are recognized by programs such as Word for Windows and Internet Explorer 2.0.

Hexadecimal values in bold face type like "71" for the small Greek letter theta indicate PostScript character codes; whereas, hexadecimal values in regular face type like "71" for the small letter "q" indicate ASCII character codes.

Entity names found by the author in no source other than ISO 8879 are indicated by bold face type. When an Adobe (or other) name is selected instead of the ISO name (based upon similar known HTML names or common sense), the name will be shown in italic face type.
Note that HTML 3.x may not ultimately support all of these ISO 8879 entities or that some names listed in this table may not be the entity names eventually used by HTML 3.x.

Hyperlinks are provided from individual entity names, their collating sequence section's title, or their entire collating sequence's title to the reference documents describing or specifying those entities.

Note: some entity names may actually specify the same physical character but may not happen to be grouped together below due to the lack of knowledge of such on the part of the author.

Indicates a character whose entity name is not defined in ISO 8879 or is unknown to the author.

Indicates a Greek letter for which an entity name is not necessary since its glyph and character code value are the same as the Latin.


ASCII - ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) Entities with
Microsoft® Windows Latin-1 Added Characters in Green

ASCII / ISO 8859-1 Character Code Chart with Microsoft Windows Latin-1 Added Characters

US-ASCII Characters

Control Characters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

null                   NUL     ^@    00   &#000;
start of heading       SOH     ^A    01   &#001;
start of text          STX     ^B    02   &#002;
end of text            ETX     ^C    03   &#003;
end of transmission    EOT     ^D    04   &#004;
enquiry                ENQ     ^E    05   &#005;
acknowledge            ACK     ^F    06   &#006;
bell                   BEL     ^G    07   &#007;
backspace              BS      ^H    08   &#008;
horizontal tab         HT      ^I    09   &#009;
line feed, new line    LF, NL  ^J    0A   &#010;
vertical tab           VT      ^K    0B   &#011;
form feed, new page    FF, NP  ^L    0C   &#012;
carriage return        CR      ^M    0D   &#013;
shift out              SO      ^N    0E   &#014;
shift in               SI      ^O    0F   &#015;
data link escape       DLE     ^P    10   &#016;
device control 1       DC1     ^Q    11   &#017;
device control 2       DC2     ^R    12   &#018;
device control 3       DC3     ^S    13   &#019;
device control 4       DC4     ^T    14   &#020;
negative acknowledge   NAK     ^U    15   &#021;
synchronous idle       SYN     ^V    16   &#022;
end of trans. block    ETB     ^W    17   &#023;
cancel                 CAN     ^X    18   &#024;
end of medium          EM      ^Y    19   &#025;
substitute             SUB     ^Z    1A   &#026;
escape                 ESC     ^[    1B   &#027;
file separator         FS      ^\    1C   &#028;
group separator        GS      ^]    1D   &#029;
record separator       RS      ^^    1E   &#030;
unit separator         US      ^_    1F   &#031;

Special Characters and Numbers

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

space                                20   &#032; -->     &sp;       --> &sp;
exclamation mark               !     21   &#033; --> !   &excl;     --> !
(double) quotation mark        "     22   &#034; --> "   &quot;     --> "
number sign                    #     23   &#035; --> #   &num;      --> #
dollar sign                    $     24   &#036; --> $   &dollar;   --> $
percent sign                   %     25   &#037; --> %   &percnt;   --> %
ampersand                      &     26   &#038; --> &   &amp;      --> &
apostrophe,                    '     27   &#039; --> '   &apos;     --> '
   single quote mark
left parenthesis               (     28   &#040; --> (   &lpar;     --> (
right parenthesis              )     29   &#041; --> )   &rpar;     --> )
asterisk                       *     2A   &#042; --> *   &ast;      --> *
plus sign                      +     2B   &#043; --> +   &plus;     --> +
comma                          ,     2C   &#044; --> ,   &comma;    --> ,
minus sign, hyphen             -     2D   &#045; --> -   &hyphen;   --> ‐
                                                         &minus;    --> −
period, decimal point,         .     2E   &#046; --> .   &period;   --> .
   full stop
slash, virgule, solidus        /     2F   &#047; --> /   &sol;      --> /
digit 0                        0     30   &#048; --> 0
digit 1                        1     31   &#049; --> 1
digit 2                        2     32   &#050; --> 2
digit 3                        3     33   &#051; --> 3
digit 4                        4     34   &#052; --> 4
digit 5                        5     35   &#053; --> 5
digit 6                        6     36   &#054; --> 6
digit 7                        7     37   &#055; --> 7
digit 8                        8     38   &#056; --> 8
digit 9                        9     39   &#057; --> 9
colon                          :     3A   &#058; --> :   &colon;    --> :
semicolon                      ;     3B   &#059; --> ;   &semi;     --> ;
less-than sign                 <     3C   &#060; --> <   &lt;       --> <
equal sign                     =     3D   &#061; --> =   &equals;   --> =
greater-than sign              >     3E   &#062; --> >   &gt;       --> >
question mark                  ?     3F   &#063; --> ?   &quest;    --> ?

Upper Case Letters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

commercial at sign             @     40   &#064; --> @   &commat;   --> @
capital A                      A     41   &#065; --> A
capital B                      B     42   &#066; --> B
capital C                      C     43   &#067; --> C
capital D                      D     44   &#068; --> D
capital E                      E     45   &#069; --> E
capital F                      F     46   &#070; --> F
capital G                      G     47   &#071; --> G
capital H                      H     48   &#072; --> H
capital I                      I     49   &#073; --> I
capital J                      J     4A   &#074; --> J
capital K                      K     4B   &#075; --> K
capital L                      L     4C   &#076; --> L
capital M                      M     4D   &#077; --> M
capital N                      N     4E   &#078; --> N
capital O                      O     4F   &#079; --> O
capital P                      P     50   &#080; --> P
capital Q                      Q     51   &#081; --> Q
capital R                      R     52   &#082; --> R
capital S                      S     53   &#083; --> S
capital T                      T     54   &#084; --> T
capital U                      U     55   &#085; --> U
capital V                      V     56   &#086; --> V
capital W                      W     57   &#087; --> W
capital X                      X     58   &#088; --> X
capital Y                      Y     59   &#089; --> Y
capital Z                      Z     5A   &#090; --> Z
left square bracket            [     5B   &#091; --> [   &lsqb;     --> [
backslash, reverse solidus     \     5C   &#092; --> \   &bsol;     --> \
right square bracket           ]     5D   &#093; --> ]   &rsqb;     --> ]
spacing circumflex accent      ^     5E   &#094; --> ^   &circ;     --> ˆ
spacing underscore, low line,  _     5F   &#095; --> _   &lowbar;   --> _
   horizontal bar                                        &horbar;   --> ―

Lower Case Letters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

spacing grave accent,          `     60   &#096; --> `   &grave;    --> `
   back apostrophe
small a                        a     61   &#097; --> a
small b                        b     62   &#098; --> b
small c                        c     63   &#099; --> c
small d                        d     64   &#100; --> d
small e                        e     65   &#101; --> e
small f                        f     66   &#102; --> f
small g                        g     67   &#103; --> g
small h                        h     68   &#104; --> h
small i                        i     69   &#105; --> i
small j                        j     6A   &#106; --> j
small k                        k     6B   &#107; --> k
small l                        l     6C   &#108; --> l
small m                        m     6D   &#109; --> m
small n                        n     6E   &#110; --> n
small o                        o     6F   &#111; --> o
small p                        p     70   &#112; --> p
small q                        q     71   &#113; --> q
small r                        r     72   &#114; --> r
small s                        s     73   &#115; --> s
small t                        t     74   &#116; --> t
small u                        u     75   &#117; --> u
small v                        v     76   &#118; --> v
small w                        w     77   &#119; --> w
small x                        x     78   &#120; --> x
small y                        y     79   &#121; --> y
small z                        z     7A   &#122; --> z
left brace (curly bracket)     {     7B   &#123; --> {   &lcub;     --> {
vertical bar                   |     7C   &#124; --> |   &verbar;   --> |
right brace (curly bracket)    }     7D   &#125; --> }   &rcub;     --> }
tilde accent                   ~     7E   &#126; --> ~   &tilde;    --> ˜
delete                 DEL     ^?    7F   &#127;

Extended Control Characters

Microsoft® Windows Latin-1 Added Characters in Green

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

                                     80   &#128;
                                     81   &#129;
low left rising single quote         82   &#130;         &lsquor;   --> ‚
small italic f, function of,   f     83   &#131;         &fnof;     --> ƒ
   florin
low left rising double quote         84   &#132;         &ldquor;   --> „
low horizontal ellipsis              85   &#133;         &hellip;   --> …
                                                         &ldots;    --> &ldots;
dagger mark                          86   &#134;         &dagger;   --> †
double dagger mark                   87   &#135;         &Dagger;   --> ‡
letter modifying circumflex          88   &#136;         
per thousand (mille) sign            89   &#137;         &permil;   --> ‰
capital S caron or hacek             8A   &#138;         &Scaron;   --> Š
left single angle quote mark         8B   &#139;         &lsaquo;   --> ‹
   (guillemet)
capital OE ligature                  8C   &#140;         &OElig;    --> Œ
                                     8D   &#141;
                                     8E   &#142;
                                     8F   &#143;
                                     90   &#144;
left single quotation mark,          91   &#145;         &lsquo;    --> ‘
   high right rising single quote                        &rsquor;   --> ’
right single quote mark              92   &#146;         &rsquo;    --> ’
left double quotation mark,          93   &#147;         &ldquo;    --> “
   high right rising double quote                        &rdquor;   --> ”
right double quote mark              94   &#148;         &rdquo;    --> ”
round filled bullet                  95   &#149;         &bull;     --> •
en dash                              96   &#150;         &ndash;    --> –
                                                         &endash;   --> &endash;
em dash                              97   &#151;         &mdash;    --> —
                                                         &emdash;   --> &emdash;
small spacing tilde accent           98   &#152;         &tilde;
trademark sign                       99   &#153;         &trade;    --> ™
small s caron or hacek               9A   &#154;         &scaron;   --> š
right single angle quote mark        9B   &#155;         &rsaquo;   --> ›
   (guillemet)
small oe ligature                    9C   &#156;         &oelig;    --> œ
                                     9D   &#157;
                                     9E   &#158;
capital Y dieresis or umlaut         9F   &#159;         &Yuml;     --> Ÿ

ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) Entities

Special Characters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

non-breaking space                  A0   &#160; -->     &nbsp;     -->  
inverted exclamation mark           A1   &#161; --> ¡   &iexcl;    --> ¡
cent sign                           A2   &#162; --> ¢   &cent;     --> ¢
pound sterling sign                 A3   &#163; --> £   &pound;    --> £
general currency sign               A4   &#164; --> ¤   &curren;   --> ¤
yen sign                            A5   &#165; --> ¥   &yen;      --> ¥
broken vertical bar                 A6   &#166; --> ¦   &brvbar;   --> ¦
                                                         &brkbar;   --> &brkbar;
section sign                        A7   &#167; --> §   &sect;     --> §
spacing dieresis or umlaut          A8   &#168; --> ¨   &uml;      --> ¨
                                                         &die;      --> ¨
copyright sign                      A9   &#169; --> ©   &copy;     --> ©
feminine ordinal indicator          AA   &#170; --> ª   &ordf;     --> ª
left (double) angle quote           AB   &#171; --> «   &laquo;    --> «
   (guillemet)
logical not sign                    AC   &#172; --> ¬   &not;      --> ¬
soft hyphen                         AD   &#173; --> ­   &shy;      --> ­
registered trademark sign           AE   &#174; --> ®   &reg;      --> ®
spacing macron (long) accent,       AF   &#175; --> ¯   &macr;     --> ¯
                                                         &hibar;    --> &hibar;
degree sign                         B0   &#176; --> °   &deg;      --> °
plus-or-minus sign                  B1   &#177; --> ±   &plusmn;   --> ±
superscript 2                       B2   &#178; --> ²   &sup2;     --> ²
superscript 3                       B3   &#179; --> ³   &sup3;     --> ³
spacing acute accent                B4   &#180; --> ´   &acute;    --> ´
micro sign                          B5   &#181; --> µ   &micro;    --> µ
paragraph sign, pilcrow sign        B6   &#182; --> ¶   &para;     --> ¶
middle dot, centered dot            B7   &#183; --> ·   &middot;   --> ·
spacing cedilla                     B8   &#184; --> ¸   &cedil;    --> ¸
superscript 1                       B9   &#185; --> ¹   &sup1;     --> ¹
masculine ordinal indicator         BA   &#186; --> º   &ordm;     --> º
right (double) angle quote          BB   &#187; --> »   &raquo;    --> »
   (guillemet)
fraction 1/4                        BC   &#188; --> ¼   &frac14;   --> ¼
fraction 1/2                        BD   &#189; --> ½   &frac12;   --> ½
                                                         &half;     --> ½
fraction 3/4                        BE   &#190; --> ¾   &frac34;   --> ¾
inverted question mark              BF   &#191; --> ¿   &iquest;   --> ¿

Upper Case Latin-1 Letters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

capital A grave                     C0   &#192; --> À   &Agrave;   --> À
capital A acute                     C1   &#193; --> Á   &Aacute;   --> Á
capital A circumflex                C2   &#194; --> Â   &Acirc;    --> Â
capital A tilde                     C3   &#195; --> Ã   &Atilde;   --> Ã
capital A dieresis or umlaut        C4   &#196; --> Ä   &Auml;     --> Ä
capital A ring                      C5   &#197; --> Å   &Aring;    --> Å
capital AE ligature                 C6   &#198; --> Æ   &AElig;    --> Æ
capital C cedilla                   C7   &#199; --> Ç   &Ccedil;   --> Ç
capital E grave                     C8   &#200; --> È   &Egrave;   --> È
capital E acute                     C9   &#201; --> É   &Eacute;   --> É
capital E circumflex                CA   &#202; --> Ê   &Ecirc;    --> Ê
capital E dieresis or umlaut        CB   &#203; --> Ë   &Euml;     --> Ë
capital I grave                     CC   &#204; --> Ì   &Igrave;   --> Ì
capital I acute                     CD   &#205; --> Í   &Iacute;   --> Í
capital I circumflex                CE   &#206; --> Î   &Icirc;    --> Î
capital I dieresis or umlaut        CF   &#207; --> Ï   &Iuml;     --> Ï
capital ETH                         D0   &#208; --> Ð   &ETH;      --> Ð
capital N tilde                     D1   &#209; --> Ñ   &Ntilde;   --> Ñ
capital O grave                     D2   &#210; --> Ò   &Ograve;   --> Ò
capital O acute                     D3   &#211; --> Ó   &Oacute;   --> Ó
capital O circumflex                D4   &#212; --> Ô   &Ocirc;    --> Ô
capital O tilde                     D5   &#213; --> Õ   &Otilde;   --> Õ
capital O dieresis or umlaut        D6   &#214; --> Ö   &Ouml;     --> Ö
multiplication sign                 D7   &#215; --> ×   &times;    --> ×
capital O slash                     D8   &#216; --> Ø   &Oslash;   --> Ø
capital U grave                     D9   &#217; --> Ù   &Ugrave;   --> Ù
capital U acute                     DA   &#218; --> Ú   &Uacute;   --> Ú
capital U circumflex                DB   &#219; --> Û   &Ucirc;    --> Û
capital U dieresis or umlaut        DC   &#220; --> Ü   &Uuml;     --> Ü
capital Y acute                     DD   &#221; --> Ý   &Yacute;   --> Ý
capital THORN                       DE   &#222; --> Þ   &THORN;    --> Þ
small sharp s, sz ligature          DF   &#223; --> ß   &szlig;    --> ß

Lower Case Latin-1 Letters

Description                    Char  Hex  Character      Entity
                                          Reference      Name
                                          (Dec)

small a grave                       E0   &#224; --> à   &agrave;   --> à
small a acute                       E1   &#225; --> á   &aacute;   --> á
small a circumflex                  E2   &#226; --> â   &acirc;    --> â
small a tilde                       E3   &#227; --> ã   &atilde;   --> ã
small a dieresis or umlaut          E4   &#228; --> ä   &auml;     --> ä
small a ring                        E5   &#229; --> å   &aring;    --> å
small ae ligature                   E6   &#230; --> æ   &aelig;    --> æ
small c cedilla                     E7   &#231; --> ç   &ccedil;   --> ç
small e grave                       E8   &#232; --> è   &egrave;   --> è
small e acute                       E9   &#233; --> é   &eacute;   --> é
small e circumflex                  EA   &#234; --> ê   &ecirc;    --> ê
small e dieresis or umlaut          EB   &#235; --> ë   &euml;     --> ë
small i grave                       EC   &#236; --> ì   &igrave;   --> ì
small i acute                       ED   &#237; --> í   &iacute;   --> í
small i circumflex                  EE   &#238; --> î   &icirc;    --> î
small i dieresis or umlaut          EF   &#239; --> ï   &iuml;     --> ï
small eth                           F0   &#240; --> ð   &eth;      --> ð
small n tilde                       F1   &#241; --> ñ   &ntilde;   --> ñ
small o grave                       F2   &#242; --> ò   &ograve;   --> ò
small o acute                       F3   &#243; --> ó   &oacute;   --> ó
small o circumflex                  F4   &#244; --> ô   &ocirc;    --> ô
small o tilde                       F5   &#245; --> õ   &otilde;   --> õ
small o dieresis or umlaut          F6   &#246; --> ö   &ouml;     --> ö
division sign                       F7   &#247; --> ÷   &divide;   --> ÷
small o slash                       F8   &#248; --> ø   &oslash;   --> ø
small u grave                       F9   &#249; --> ù   &ugrave;   --> ù
small u acute                       FA   &#250; --> ú   &uacute;   --> ú
small u circumflex                  FB   &#251; --> û   &ucirc;    --> û
small u dieresis or umlaut          FC   &#252; --> ü   &uuml;     --> ü
small y acute                       FD   &#253; --> ý   &yacute;   --> ý
small thorn                         FE   &#254; --> þ   &thorn;    --> þ
small y dieresis or umlaut          FF   &#255; --> ÿ   &yuml;     --> ÿ

Microsoft® Windows / Adobe Symbol Font with
ISO 8879 Entity Names and Adobe PostScript® Hex

Adobe / Microsoft Windows Symbol Font Character Code Chart

Special Characters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

for all                              22                  &forall;   --> ∀

there exists                         24                  &exist;    --> ∃

backward epsilon, such that          27                  &bepsi;    --> ϶

low asterisk math operator           2A                  &lowast;   --> ∗

Upper Case Greek Letters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

congruent                            40                  &cong;     --> ≅
capital Alpha                 A     41                  &Agr;      --> &Agr;
                                                         &Alpha;    --> Α
capital Beta                  B     42                  &Bgr;      --> &Bgr;
                                                         &Beta;     --> Β
capital Chi                    X     43                  &KHgr;     --> &KHgr;
                                                         &Chi;      --> Χ
capital Delta                        44                  &Delta;    --> Δ
capital Epsilon               E     45                  &Egr;      --> &Egr;
                                                         &Epsilon;  --> Ε
                                                         &Epsi;     --> &Epsi;
capital Phi                          46                  &PHgr;     --> &PHgr;
                                                         &Phi;      --> Φ
capital Gamma                        47                  &Gamma;    --> Γ
capital Eta                   H     48                  &EEgr;     --> &EEgr;
                                                         &Eta;      --> Η
capital Iota                  I     49                  &Igr;      --> &Igr;
                                                         &Iota;     --> Ι
small script theta,                  4A                  &thetav;   --> ϑ
   curly theta                                           &vtheta;   --> &vtheta;
capital Kappa                 K     4B                  &Kgr;      --> &Kgr;
                                                         &Kappa;    --> Κ
capital Lambda                       4C                  &Lambda;   --> Λ
capital Mu                    M     4D                  &Mgr;      --> &Mgr;
                                                         &Mu;       --> Μ
capital Nu                    N     4E                  &Ngr;      --> &Ngr;
                                                         &Nu;       --> Ν
capital Omicron               O     4F                  &Ogr;      --> &Ogr;
                                                         &Omicron;  --> Ο
capital Pi                           50                  &Pi;       --> Π
capital Theta                        51                  &Theta;    --> Θ
capital Rho                    P     52                  &Rgr;      --> &Rgr;
                                                         &Rho;      --> Ρ
capital Sigma                        53                  &Sigma;    --> Σ
capital Tau                   T     54                  &Tgr;      --> &Tgr;
                                                         &Tau;      --> Τ
capital Upsilon                Y     55                  &Upsi;     --> ϒ
                                                         &Upsilon;  --> Υ
small final sigma                    56                  &sfgr;     --> &sfgr;
                                                         &sigmav;   --> ς
                                                         &vsigma;   --> &vsigma;
capital Omega, ohm sign              57                  &Omega;    --> Ω
                                                         &ohm;      --> Ω
capital Xi                           58                  &Xi;       --> Ξ
capital Psi                          59                  &Psi;      --> Ψ
capital Zeta                  Z     5A                  &Zgr;      --> &Zgr;
                                                         &Zeta;     --> Ζ

therefore, hence                     5C                  &there4;   --> ∴

perpendicular                        5E                  &perp;     --> ⊥

Lower Case Greek Letters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

radical extension,                   60                  
   spacing overscore
small alpha                          61                  &alpha;    --> α
small beta                           62                  &beta;     --> β
small chi                            63                  &chi;      --> χ
small delta                          64                  &delta;    --> δ
small script epsilon,                65                  &vepsilon; --> &vepsilon;
   curly epsilon
small (straight) phi                 66                  &phis;     --> &phis;
                                                         &phi;      --> φ
small gamma                          67                  &gamma;    --> γ
small eta                            68                  &eta;      --> η
small iota                           69                  &iota;     --> ι
small script phi, curly phi          6A                  &phiv;     --> ϕ
                                                         &varphi;   --> ϕ
small kappa                          6B                  &kappa;    --> κ
small lambda                         6C                  &lambda;   --> λ
small mu                            6D                  &mu;       --> μ
small nu                             6E                  &nu;       --> ν
small omicron                 o     6F                  &ogr;      --> &ogr;
                                                         &omicron;  --> ο
small pi                             70                  &pi;       --> π
small (straight) theta               71                  &thetas;   --> &thetas;
                                                         &theta;    --> θ
small rho                            72                  &rho;      --> ρ
small sigma                          73                  &sigma;    --> σ
small tau                            74                  &tau;      --> τ
small upsilon                        75                  &upsi;     --> υ
                                                         &upsilon;  --> υ
small omega pi, curly pi             76                  &piv;      --> ϖ
                                                         &varpi;    --> ϖ
small omega                          77                  &omega;    --> ω
small xi                             78                  &xi;       --> ξ
small psi                            79                  &psi;      --> ψ
small zeta                           7A                  &zeta;     --> ζ
similar sign, tilde operator         7E                  &sim;      --> ∼

Special Characters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

capital Upsilon hook                 A1                  
prime, minute mark                   A2                  &prime;    --> ′
less-than-or-equal sign              A3                  &le;       --> ≤
fraction slash                       A4                  
infinity                             A5                  &infin;    --> ∞
                                                         &inf;      --> &inf;
small italic f, function of,   f     A6                  &fnof;     --> ƒ
   florin
club suit symbol                     A7                  &clubs;    --> ♣
diamond suit symbol                  A8                  &diams;    --> ♦
heart suit symbol                    A9                  &hearts;   --> ♥
spade suit symbol                    AA                  &spades;   --> ♠
horizontal (left-right) arrow        AB                  &harr;     --> ↔
left arrow                           AC                  &larr;     --> ←
up arrow                             AD                  &uarr;     --> ↑
right arrow                          AE                  &rarr;     --> →
down arrow                           AF                  &darr;     --> ↓

double prime, second mark            B2                  &Prime;    --> ″
greater-than-or-equal sign           B3                  &ge;       --> ≥

proportional to                      B5                  &prop;     --> ∝
partial differential, curly d        B6                  &part;     --> ∂
                                                         &pd;       --> &pd;
round filled bullet                  B7                  &bull;     --> •

not-equal sign                       B9                  &ne;       --> ≠
identical to, equivalent             BA                  &equiv;    --> ≡
approximately equal                  BB                  &ape;      --> ≊
                                                         &ap;       --> ≈
low horizontal ellipsis              BC                  &hellip;   --> …
                                                         &ldots;    --> &ldots;
vertical arrow extension             BD                  
horizontal arrow extension           BE                  
down and left arrow,                 BF                  
   carriage return arrow

Special Characters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

aleph,                               C0                  &aleph;    --> ℵ
   first transfinite cardinal
black-letter I,                      C1                  &image;    --> ℑ
   imaginary part of
black-letter R, real part of         C2                  &real;     --> ℜ
Weierstrassian function p            C3                  &weierp;   --> ℘
circled multiplication sign          C4                  &otimes;   --> ⊗
circled plus sign                    C5                  &oplus;    --> ⊕
empty set                            C6                  &empty;    --> ∅
set intersection                     C7                  &cap;      --> ∩
set union                            C8                  &cup;      --> ∪
proper superset of                   C9                  &sup;      --> ⊃
superset-of-or-equal-to              CA                  &supe;     --> ⊇
not a subset of                      CB                  &nsub;     --> ⊄
proper subset of                     CC                  &sub;      --> ⊂
subset-of-or-equal-to                CD                  &sube;     --> ⊆
element of, set membership           CE                  &isin;     --> ∈
not an element of                    CF                  &notin;    --> ∉
angle                                D0                  &ang;      --> ∠
del operator, gradient, nabla        D1                  &nabla;    --> ∇

trademark sign                       D4                  &trade;    --> ™
n-ary product operator               D5                  &prod;     --> ∏
radical, square root                 D6                  &radic;    --> √
small middle dot,                    D7                  &sdot;     --> ⋅
   math dot operator

logical and                          D9                  &and;      --> ∧
logical or                           DA                  &or;       --> ∨
horizontal double arrow              DB                  &hArr;     --> ⇔
left double arrow                    DC                  &lArr;     --> ⇐
up double arrow                      DD                  &uArr;     --> ⇑
right double arrow                   DE                  &rArr;     --> ⇒
down double arrow                    DF                  &dArr;     --> ⇓

Special Characters

Description                    Char  Hex                 Entity
                                                         Name

lozenge, total mark                  E0                  &loz;      --> ◊
left angle bracket                   E1                  &lang;     --> ⟨

n-ary summation operator             E5                  &sum;      --> ∑
left parenthesis top                 E6                  
left parenthesis extension           E7                  
left parenthesis bottom              E8                  
left bracket top (ceiling)           E9                  &lceil;    --> ⌈
left bracket extension               EA                  
left bracket bottom (floor)          EB                  &lfloor;   --> ⌊
left brace top                       EC                  
left brace middle                    ED                  
left brace bottom                    EE                  
brace extension                      EF                  

right angle bracket                  F1                  &rang;     --> ⟩
integral sign                        F2                  &int;      --> ∫
integral top                         F3                  
integral extension                   F4                  
integral bottom                      F5                  
right parenthesis top                F6                  
right parenthesis extension          F7                  
right parenthesis bottom             F8                  
right bracket top (ceiling)          F9                  &rceil;    --> ⌉
right bracket extension              FA                  
right bracket bottom (floor)         FB                  &rfloor;   --> ⌋
right brace top                      FC                  
right brace middle                   FD                  
right brace bottom                   FE                  

HTML Entities without ISO 8859-1 or PostScript Hex

Description                    Char                      Entity
                                                         Name

spacing breve (short) accent                             &breve;    --> ˘
spacing caron accent                                     &caron;    --> ˇ
centered horizontal ellipsis                             &cdots;    --> &cdots;
double acute accent                                      &dblac;    --> ˝
diagonal ellipsis                                        &dellip;   --> &dellip;
                                                         &ddots;    --> &ddots;
spacing dot above accent                                 &dot;      --> ˙
array column fill ellipsis                               &dotfill;  --> &dotfill;
small script l                                           &ell;      --> ℓ
em space (the width of an "m")                           &emsp;     -->  
en space (1/2 em space)                                  &ensp;     -->  
small (straight) epsilon                                 &epsi;     --> ε
                                                         &epsilon;  --> ε
fraction 1/8                                             &frac18;   --> ⅛
fraction 3/8                                             &frac38;   --> ⅜
fraction 5/8                                             &frac58;   --> ⅝
fraction 7/8                                             &frac78;   --> ⅞
hair width space                                         &hairsp;   -->  
if and only if (iff)                                     &iff;      --> ⇔
left determinant vertical bar                            &ldet;     --> &ldet;
contains as a member                                     &ni;       --> ∋
spacing ogonek accent                                    &ogon;     --> ˛
Planck's constant h over 2 pi,                           &planck;   --> ℏ
   small italic h slash (bar)
quad em space                                            &quad;     --> &quad;
right determinant vertical bar                           &rdet;     --> &rdet;
spacing ring above accent                                &ring;     --> ˚
soft break space                                         &sbsp;     --> &sbsp;
since, because                                           &becaus;   --> ∵
   (inverted therefore)
sung text sign, music note                               &sung;     --> ♪
thin space (1/6 em space)                                &thinsp;   -->  
small rho variant                                        &varrho;   --> ϱ
vertical ellipsis                                        &vellip;   --> ⋮
                                                         &vdots;    --> &vdots;

Mathematical Functions

Description                    String                    Entity
                                                         Name

logarithmic function           log                       &log;      --> &log;
sine function                  sin                       &sin;      --> &sin;
hyperbolic tangent function    tanh                      &tanh;     --> &tanh;
  etc.


Send any other relevant sites you might find, corrections, suggestions, and comments to:
Kevin J. Brewer ([email protected])

No guarantee is made as to the correctness of the sources from which this table is derived.

Last updated: 31-Jan-97
Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, Delco Electronics Corporation. All rights reserved.